Hundreds of nations across the globe rose and collapsed in their hundreds since records began. They range from city states such as Hong Kong or Singapore to kingdoms and empires like present day Saudi Arabia.
CRIMSON TAZVINZWA Here are 5 among the many
Kingdom of Hawaii (1795–1893)
The Kingdom of Hawaii was formed in 1795 when the island states of Hawaii, Oahu, Maui, Molokai and Lanai united under King Kamehameha the Great. A vulnerable nation located in a strategically important location, the kingdom resisted attempts at colonization by the British and French.
Republic of Venice (697–1797)
The Most Serene Republic of Venice thrived for more than a millennium. Founded in 697, the iconic city state became a hugely influential maritime and economic power, enabling its fabulously wealthy merchant class to spend lavishly on beautiful buildings and art.
Kingdom of Bohemia (1198–1918)
The kingdom was at its height during the so-called Golden Age of Czech history in the 14th century. When the Holy Roman Empire collapsed in 1806, Bohemia was absorbed into the Austrian Empire, and survived until 1918 when it formed the integral part of the newly-created Czechoslovakia.
Abyssinia was the only African nation aside from Liberia to resist colonization during the 19th century Scramble for Africa, and existed until 1974, when Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed by the communist Derg, which went on to establish the People’s Republic of Ethiopia.
Kingdom of Sardinia (1324–1861)
The precursor to modern Italy, the Kingdom of Sardinia was created in 1324 by James II of Aragon and went on to become part of the Spanish Empire. It was ceded in 1720 to the Duke of Savoy, who unified the territory with his possessions on the Italian mainland.
Couto Mixto (c.900–1864)
Made up of three miniscule villages, Couto Mixto enjoyed all sorts of privileges, from tax-free status to the right to grant asylum. This special treatment was never going to last forever of course, and the microstate was finally abolished by the Treaty of Lisbon in 1864.