Syrian Kurds demonstrate in Qamishli against Turkish shelling of Kurdish militia posts in northern Syria, on October 31, 2018. Source: DELIL SOULEIMAN/AFP/Getty Images

ISIS: The rise and fall of Islamic State in Iraq and Syria

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Reuters//Timeline: The rise and fall of Islamic State in Iraq and Syria

The rise and fall of Islamic State of Syria and Iraq in the middle east – AIWA! NO!

In 2013, ISI began seizing territory in Syria and changed its name toIslamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Isis/Isil). The next year Isis overran large parts of Iraq, proclaimed its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as caliph, and became known as “Islamic State“.

CRIMSON TAZVINZWA, AIWA! NO!|(Reuters) – Islamic State fighters have been defeated at the final shred of territory they held in eastern Syria, marking the end of jihadist rule that once spanned a third of Iraq and Syria, the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said on Saturday.

The Jerusalem Post
A man cries as he carries his daughter while walking from an Islamic State -controlled
The Jerusalem Post//A man cries as he carries his daughter while walking from an Islamic State -controlled

This timeline chronicles the lightning rise, cruel reign and gradual fall of Islamic State.

* 2004-11 – In the chaos following the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, an al Qaeda offshoot sets up there, changing its name in 2006 to Islamic State in Iraq.

* 2011 – After Syria’s crisis begins, the group’s leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi sends operatives there to set up a Syrian subsidiary. Baghdadi follows in 2013, breaking with al Qaeda and renaming his group “The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant”.

* 2014 – Its sudden success starts with the seizure of Fallujah in Iraq and Raqqa in Syria at the turn of the year. The jihadists take Mosul and Tikrit in June and overrun the border with Syria. At Mosul’s great Mosque, Baghdadi renames the group Islamic State (IS) and declares a caliphate.

So begins a reign of terror. In Iraq, IS slaughters thousands of Yazidis in Sinjar and forces more than 7,000 women and girls into sexual slavery. In Syria, it massacres hundreds of members of the Sheitaat tribe. IS beheads Western hostages in grotesquely choreographed films.

Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi (centre) announces victory over Islamic State in Mosul, Iraq, on July 10, 2017.
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi (centre) announces victory over Islamic State in Mosul, Iraq, on July 10, 2017. PHOTO: REUTERS

In September, the United States builds a coalition against IS and starts air strikes to stop its momentum, helping the Syrian Kurdish YPG militia turn the militants back from Kobani on the border with Turkey.

* 2015 – Militants in Paris attack a satirical newspaper and a kosher supermarket, the bloody start to a wave of attacks that IS claims around the world. Militants in Libya behead Christians and pledge allegiance to IS, followed by groups in other countries, but they stay operationally independent.

In May, IS takes Ramadi in Iraq and the ancient desert town of Palmyra in Syria, but by the end of the year it is on the back foot in both countries.

* 2016 – Iraq takes back Fallujah in June, the first town IS had captured during its initial blaze of success. In August, the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), spearheaded by the Kurdish YPG, takes Manbij in Syria.

Alarmed by the Kurdish advances near its own frontier, Turkey launches an offensive into Syria against both IS and the YPG. Enmity between Turkey and the YPG will continue to complicate operations against IS.

* 2017 – Islamic State suffers a year of catastrophic defeats. In June it loses Mosul to Iraqi forces after months of fighting and Baghdad declares the end of the caliphate. In September the Syrian army races eastwards backed by Russia and Iran to relieve Deir al-Zor and re-extend state control at the Euphrates River. In October, the SDF drives IS from Raqqa.

* 2018 – The Syrian government retakes IS enclaves in Yarmouk, south of Damascus, and on the frontier with the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. The SDF advances further down the Euphrates and Iraqi forces take the rest of the border region. The United States vows to withdraw troops.

* 2019 – IS fighters are defeated at their last enclave on the Euphrates at the village of Baghouz, the SDF says. The SDF declares the “caliphate” eliminated.

Compiled by Angus McDowall; Editing by Tom Perry/Mark Heinrich


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The territorial ISIS caliphate in Syria has now been 100 percent eliminated, White House press secretary Sarah Sanders announced on Friday. President Donald Trump has, on numerous occasions before now, announced ISIS' defeat, but this time it would appeared the claim had the full backing of the White House and Pentagon. Sanders, speaking to the traveling press pool of reporters on Air Force One as the president headed to Florida, Sanders directed reporters to the Department of Defense for further questions but shared a photo of what appeared to be the same map President Trump declassified and showed reporters on Wednesday. She said acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan was on the plane and had briefed the president on the news. When asked for comment, a Pentagon spokesman told ABC News "We do not have an operational statement at this time." After Trump got off the plane in Florida, according to a pool report, he walked over to to waiting reporters and cameras with the same map he had used Wednesday,except without the small dot of red indicating ISIS-held territory that had been there before. "This is what we have right now, as of last night," Trump said. "I think it's about time," he said according to the pool report. ABC News' Luis Martinez contributeed to this report.

White House: ISIS territory in Syria has been 100 percent eliminated

Women and children evacuating from the last territory held by Islamic State militants in Baghuz, Syria, last week.CreditCreditFelipe Dana/Associated Press
Women and children evacuating from the last territory held by Islamic State militants in Baghuz, Syria, last week.CreditCreditFelipe Dana/Associated Press

White House: ISIS %100 Eliminated In Syria

AIWA! NO!|The territorial ISIS caliphate in Syria has now been 100 percent eliminated, White House press secretary Sarah Sanders announced on Friday. 

President Donald Trump has, on numerous occasions before now, announced ISIS’ defeat, but this time it would appeared the claim had the full backing of the White House and Pentagon. 

Sanders, speaking to the traveling press pool of reporters on Air Force One as the president headed to Florida, Sanders directed reporters to the Department of Defense for further questions but shared a photo of what appeared to be the same map President Trump declassified and showed reporters on Wednesday. 

READ MORE: Trump Declares ISIS ‘100%’ Defeated in Syria. ‘100% Not True,’ Ground Reports Say.

She said acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan was on the plane and had briefed the president on the news. 

When asked for comment, a Pentagon spokesman told ABC News “We do not have an operational statement at this time.” 

After the Bombings in Syria, the West Is Drifting Towards a Big War
A boy sits on a chair along a damaged street at the city of Douma in Damascus, Syria April 16, 2018. Credit: Reuters/Ali Hashisho

After Trump got off the plane in Florida, according to a pool report, he walked over to to waiting reporters and cameras with the same map he had used Wednesday,except without the small dot of red indicating ISIS-held territory that had been there before. 

“This is what we have right now, as of last night,” Trump said. “I think it’s about time,” he said according to the pool report. 

ABC News’ Luis Martinez contributeed to this report.

Syrian Kurds demonstrate in Qamishli against Turkish shelling of Kurdish militia posts in northern Syria, on October 31, 2018. Source: DELIL SOULEIMAN/AFP/Getty Images

Syria car bombings leave six people dead in rebel-held northwest

A fighter of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) stands guard on a rooftop in Raqqa on October 20, 2017, after retaking the city from ISG fighters.
Source: BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images
A fighter of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) stands guard on a rooftop in Raqqa on October 20, 2017, after retaking the city from ISG fighters.
Source: BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images

Six killed in car bombings in Syrian rebel-held northwest – AIWA! NO!

AMMAN (Reuters) – Two car bombings in two areas of northwest Syria killed at least six people on Thursday in the latest such attacks in towns held by Turkey-backed rebel groups, witnesses and rebels.

In the northwestern city of Afrin, a 10-year-old girl and a man were killed and at least 20 people were wounded when a car bomb was detonated remotely in a main street only hours after a parade by Turkish-backed security police cadets, a witness said.

Since the Syrian Kurdish YPG militia backed by Washington was driven out of Afrin by Turkey-backed Arab rebels last year, the area has seen frequent bombings blamed by rebels on the Kurdish militia.

The YPG has vowed it will not allow the Arab rebels to consolidate their control over the mainly Kurdish city.

Turkey-backed Arab rebels have said their goal is to allow tens of thousands of their kin displaced by Kurdish-led forces backed by Washington to return to their towns and villages.

Ankara considers the YPG an extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) that has waged an insurgency on Turkish soil since 1984.

Further east, near the city of Jarablus, along the same border stretch with Turkey, at least four members of a Turkey-backed Arab rebel group were killed while trying to dismantle a car bomb in the village of Ghandura, two sources from the area said.

Separately at least 10 people were killed and a number were wounded on Thursday when a bomb blast hit a minibus carrying workers employed in a major oil installation in eastern Syria run by the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) led by the YPG, residents of the area said.

(Reporting by Khalil Ashawi, Writing by Suleiman Al-Khalidi, Editing by William Maclean)


US-led coalition against the Islamic State has begun the process of withdrawing from Syria

In this file photo taken on Dec. 30, 2018, a convoy of U.S. military vehicles drives near Syria's northern city of Manbij. (Delil Souleiman/AFP/Getty Images)
In this file photo taken on Dec. 30, 2018, a convoy of U.S. military vehicles drives near Syria’s northern city of Manbij. (Delil Souleiman/AFP/Getty Images)

U.S.-led coalition says it has started Syria withdrawal
The U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State has begun the process of withdrawing from Syria, a spokesman said on Friday, indicating the start of a U.S. pullout that has been clouded by mixed messages from Washington.

KEY POINTS

  • President Donald Trump announced last month the decision to withdraw 2,000 U.S. troops who have deployed to Syria in support of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) militia in the fight against Islamic State.
  • U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Thursday the withdrawal would not be scuppered despite the Turkish threats.

|CRIMSON TAZVINZWA, AIWA! NO!|The U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State has begun the process of withdrawing from Syria, its spokesman said on Friday, affirming the start of a pullout that has been clouded by mixed messages from U.S. officials.

PREMIUM: Syrian Democratic Forces ceremony - Syria SDF

Members of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), trained by the US-led coalition, participate in the graduation ceremony of their first regiment in al-Kasrah, in the suburb of eastern Syrian city of Deir Ezzor, on May 21, 2018.DELIL SOULEIMAN | AFP | Getty Images

President Donald Trump announced last month the decision to withdraw 2,000 U.S. troops who have deployed to Syria in support of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) militia in the fight against Islamic State.

The coalition “has begun the process of our deliberate withdrawal from Syria. Out of concern for operational security, we will not discuss specific timelines, locations or troop movements,” Colonel Sean Ryan said.

Washington’s Kurdish allies in northern Syria fear the withdrawal will open the way for Turkey to mount a long-threatened offensive against their area. Turkey views the dominant Syrian Kurdish groups as a national security threat.

U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton suggested on Tuesday that protecting the Kurds would be a pre-condition of the U.S. withdrawal, drawing a rebuke from Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan who called his comments “a serious mistake”.

But U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Thursday the withdrawal would not be scuppered despite the Turkish threats.

  • President Donald Trump announced last month the decision to withdraw 2,000 U.S. troops who have deployed to Syria in support of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) militia in the fight against Islamic State.
  • U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Thursday the withdrawal would not be scuppered despite the Turkish threats.

BRITISH Armature Photographer Spotted Air Force One On Trump Iraq Trip

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How UK-based amateur photographer revealed Trump’s not-so-secret trip to Iraq… | Daily Mail Online

How British amateur photographer revealed Trump’s not-so-secret trip to Iraq after spotting Air Force One flying over South Yorkshire with a zoom lens

  • Alan Meloy was peering up at the sky and took a picture of Air Force One
  • The airplane enthusiast spotted it was one of only two VC-25s in the world 
  • The VC-25 is a modified Boeing 747-200 and is used to fly the US President


JOE MIDDLETON FOR MAILONLINE, AIWA! NO!| An amateur photographer and aviation enthusiast managed to reveal Donald Trump‘s secret trip to Iraq.

Alan Meloy, from Sheffield, was peering up at the sky, from the front step of his home when he managed to photograph Air Force One. 

He told CNN: ‘I literally stepped out, and I could see a trail coming towards me and thought let’s have a look at what’s on the end of that.

Alan Meloy, from Sheffield, was peering up at the sky, from the front step of his home when he managed to photograph Air Force One (pictured)

Alan Meloy, from Sheffield, was peering up at the sky, from the front step of his home when he managed to photograph Air Force One (pictured)
A map showing the trajectory of the plane going from Joint Base Andrews to Ain Assad Air Base in Iraq

A map showing the trajectory of the plane going from Joint Base Andrews to Ain Assad Air Base in Iraq

The IT Project manager, said he was ‘amazed’ when the plane flew over and spotted it was one of only two VC-25s in the world, due to the distinct colour scheme.