Americans! Don’t Panic, For Dehumanization Has Been The Language Of Choice For Dictators & Despotic Leaders Against Opposition Worldwide For Years, Their Baseline; United States President Donald Trump Is No Exception

U.S. PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: “When you give a crazed, crying lowlife a break, and give her a job at the White House, I guess it just didn’t work out,

“Good work by General Kelly for quickly firing that dog!”

Colonel Muammar Gaddafi; The Late & Former Libyan Leader

Gaddafi likened elements of the uprising and ordinary people engaging in demonstrations against him “COCKROACHES” that would be “turned to chaff.” or “burned to ashes”.

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Qaddafi is long gone; the troubles and tribulations of Libya remain perpetually unabated

Shaking his forefinger at the camera, he said he would defy America, superpowers, “men with turbans and long beards” and anyone else who tried to end his revolution.

In an interview in March that year, Gaddafi insisted: ” All my people are with me, they love me all. They will die to protect me, my people.”

But later in the month, as his forces appeared to be pushing the rebels back to their Benghazi stronghold, he made a chilling radio address to the people of the city, telling them: “We are coming tonight. There won’t be any mercy.”

Using the word “zenga”, meaning neighbourhood, Gaddafi had said his men would hunt opponents down right into their homes.

He said: “We will come zenga by zenga, house by house, room by room. We will find you in your closets.”

There was a more conciliatory tone in April, when, with the Nato bombing campaign well under way, Gaddafi made a widely-discredited truce offer to Libyan rebels, telling them: “We cannot fight each other. We are one family.”

In August, after being forced from his Tripoli compound, the dictator pledged “martyrdom or victory”, saying the move was a “tactical withdrawal”.

But Gaddafi had not finished. “If Libya goes up in flames, who will be able to govern it? Let it burn,” he declared from an undisclosed location last month.

“We will fight in every valley, in every street, in every oasis, and every town,” he said. “We won’t surrender again; we are not women; we will keep fighting,”

A week later he announced: “Gaddafi won’t leave the land of his ancestors. We are ready to start the fight in Tripoli and everywhere else, and rise up against them.”

He said of the rebel forces: “All of these germs, rats and scumbags, they are not Libyans, ask anyone.”

Still convinced of final victory, Gaddafi said: “The Libyan people are marching in their millions, in the streets and in the cities”

“The youths are now ready to escalate the resistance against the rats in Tripoli and to finish off the mercenaries. We will defeat Nato … Nato is rejected by the Libyan people.”

The toppled dictator’s voice was said to have been played on a loop on loudspeakers in the town of Bani Walid.

“This is zero hour,” he said. “Those who don’t fight will go to hell.”

United States of America President, Donald Trump

Donald Trump has called Omarosa a “dog” and a “crying lowlife” in a wild Twitter attack.

"All-Star Celebrity Apprentice" Red Carpet Event
NEW YORK, NY – APRIL 01: Businessman Donald Trump and actress Omarosa Manigault attend the “All-Star Celebrity Apprentice” Red Carpet Event at Trump Tower on April 1, 2013 in New York City. (Photo by Charles Eshelman/FilmMagic)

The attack on former aide Omarosa Manigault Newman is a marked step-up after days of vicious attacks ahead of the release of her book.

That book, named Unhinged, includes a whole range of explosive allegations including suggestions that there are recordings of the president using the n-word during recordings of The Apprentice. Ms Manigault Newman came to fame as a contestant on that show, before the president invited her to work in the White House.

“When you give a crazed, crying lowlife a break, and give her a job at the White House, I guess it just didn’t work out,” Mr Trump wrote in his latest post. “Good work by General Kelly for quickly firing that dog!”

Zimbabwe’s then President Robert Mugabe remark on journalists

Indeed, when we ourselves, individually and collectively, betray our own principles, we cannot proclaim ourselves as champions of human rights wherever they are violated. The principle of democracy must be a pervading one as much for the Commonwealth as for its every member.

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“He has lived under a corrupt government, in a country that has been widely criticized by many nations for its oppressive regime,” Giles said. “Under these conditions he founded an independent paper, and kept it printing in the face of the strongest political opposition.”mugabe

Nyarota’s paper has had numerous conflicts with President Robert Mugabe’s government since its launch in 1999.

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After six arrests, two death threats, and years of being harassed by Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe’s police and security services, Nyarota had developed a sense for trouble. And, as he hung up the phone, his internal alarms were screaming.

Nyarota launched the Daily News in 1999, with the goal of focusing on serious investigative journalism in a country where all the other media outlets were controlled by the government, he says.

Within a year, the Daily News was the most widely-read paper in the country, with a circulation of 100,000. The Herald, the government’s largest paper, saw a drop in circulation from 150,000 to 70,000.

During his tenure at the Daily News, Nyarota was arrested and taken into custody six times, he says, while running stories about human right abuses and corruption.

He received numerous death threats, he says, but he also won an award from Committee to Protect Journalists for his “courage to speak in a silence lands.”

In 2000, the Daily News’ headquarters were bombed, and in 2001, its printing press was bombed. For the past two years the paper was only able to print 70,000 copies a day.

In 1989, he was editor of the state-owned Bulawayo Chronicle. The paper built a reputation for aggressive investigations into corruption at all levels of government, and Nyarota became “something of a hero”. In the “Willowgate” investigation, Nyarota and deputy editor Davison Maruziva reported that ministers and officials from the government of President Robert Mugabe had been given early access to buy foreign cars at an assembly plant in Willowvale, an industrial suburb of Harare. In some cases, the cars were bought wholesale and resold at a 200% profit. The newspaper published documents from the plant to prove its case, including identification numbers from the vehicles.

“The government feels cornered, unpopular and relies on the true force of violence,” Nyarota says.

Mugabe said of Nyarota at the time: “Who is ‘little’ Nyarota? Who is he?” while describing Geoff Nyarota’s investigative journalism work as “over zealousness”. He once called the then   Zimbabwe African People’s Unon (ZAPU) leader – Joshua Nkomo,  a “snake that had taken over the chicken run.”

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Celebrating Joshua Nkomo “Father Zimbabwe”‘s life and his struggle to free Zimbabwe from Colonialism.

Zimbabwe’s Chamisa challenges election result, halts inauguration

Opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) leader Nelson Chamisa addresses a media conference following the announcement of election results in Harare, Zimbabwe, on August 3, 2018. (Photo by Reuters)
Opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) leader Nelson Chamisa addresses a media conference following the announcement of election results in Harare, Zimbabwe, on August 3, 2018. (Photo by Reuters)

Zimbabwe’s main opposition leader, Nelson Chamisa, filed a court challenge on Friday against President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s election victory, halting Mnangagwa’s planned Sunday inauguration.

The first election since Robert Mugabe was forced to resign after a coup in November had been expected to end Zimbabwe’s pariah status and launch an economic recovery but post-election unrest has reminded the country of its violent past.

Chamisa’s lawyer Thabani Mpofu said he had asked the Constitutional Court to nullify the July 30 vote and that his court application meant Mnangagwa’s swearing-in had been halted.

Justice Minister Ziyambi Ziyambi told Reuters Sunday’s inauguration “will no longer happen” until the case is finalised.

“On the basis of the evidence we have placed before the court, we seek in the main relief to the effect that the court should declare the proper winner and the proper winner is my client,” Mpofu told reporters outside.

“In the alternative, we seek that there be another election which complies with the dictates of the law,” Mpofu said. “There is no inauguration that will take place until the matter is determined by the court.”

The constitution requires a losing presidential candidate to file any challenge within seven days of a winner being declared.

The Constitutional Court, which can declare a new winner or order a fresh election, must rule within 14 days of an election petition.

Mnangagwa’s ruling ZANU-PF party dismissed the legal action.

“I am confident they have no case. Elections are not won in court, they are won in the field. But if they want to meet us in court we have sufficient legal minds to meet them squarely in court,” ZANU-PF legal secretary Paul Mangwana said.

Mnangagwa secured a comfortable victory in last month’s vote, according to results from the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission, polling 2.46 million votes against 2.15 million for the 40-year-old Chamisa. The opposition said the result was rigged.

The election passed off relatively smoothly but its aftermath revealed the deep rifts in Zimbabwean society.

Two days after the vote, six people were killed in an army crackdown on protests against the victory by Mnangagwa’s ruling ZANU-PF party.

The Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission said it was concerned that no one was taking responsibility for the deployment of soldiers that the opposition says were harassing its supporters and ordinary citizens in townships at night.

“This poses an even bigger danger to communities as it appears that the soldiers beating up civilians are not accountable to anyone,” the commission said.

Earlier on Friday, opposition leader and former finance minister Tendai Biti appeared in court to challenge his arrest on Thursday on charges of public violence and illegally announcing election results. The case was postponed to next Wednesday.

(Source: Reuters)

A crackdown in Zimbabwe exposes the instability of the Mnangagwa regim

The ruling elite is far from united

IN THE early hours of August 5th four men broke into a house in eastern Zimbabwe known to be home to activists for the MDC Alliance, the country’s main opposition bloc. They dragged the husband and wife outside before beating them with sticks on their back and buttocks. Two of the assailants took turns raping the wife; the other two raped the husband. All the while the children of the couple watched.

After holding peaceful elections on July 30th Zimbabwe has again descended into violence. At least six people were killed on the streets of the capital two days after the vote. Since then human-rights groups have recorded more than 150 alleged cases of abuse against opposition supporters (including that of the husband and wife above), most seemingly at the hands of soldiers. The true figure is almost certainly many times higher. Hundreds of MDC members have fled their homes, including Tendai Biti, one of the bloc’s senior figures, whose claim for asylum in Zambia was rejected on August 8th.

For some the violence is not just grim, but odd. Since taking power via a coup last November, President Emmerson Mnangagwa has sought to convince the world that Zimbabwe is “open for business” following nearly four decades of misrule by Robert Mugabe. The culmination of this plan was meant to be a convincing victory in the election, which even if neither free nor fair, would be orderly enough to win him the blessing of foreign governments. They would then encourage creditors to lend the country much-needed foreign currency. Instead there is mayhem. When not shooting civilians in the back, Zimbabwe’s ruling elite seems to be shooting itself in the foot.

Zanu-PF, the party of Mr Mnangagwa, has a history of thuggery. Mr Mugabe once boasted: “We have degrees in violence.” But the recent brutality is probably made worse by the fact that the ruling elite is far from united. Both Zanu-PF and the myriad security forces are fragmented. So while some factions may lose from chaos, others believe they will gain. So goes the macabre struggle for power and spoils.

In his election campaign Mr Mnangagwa tried to portray himself as an all-powerful leader. But his control over his own party remains fragile. The so-called G40 faction, associated with Grace Mugabe, Robert’s second wife, remains influential, well funded and keen for Mr Mnangagwa to fail. At the local level it has been hard for the president to exert authority. There were two dozen riots during the primary elections for Zanu-PF candidates. Some newly elected members of parliament, such as Webster Shamu, have repeatedly clashed with Mr Mnangagwa. Overall only about a quarter of new members are incumbents. No one knows how the newcomers will wield their power.

Neither is there unity between the armed forces and Zanu-PF, nor among the men in uniform themselves. The agitator-in-chief, according to several sources, is Constantino Chiwenga, the vice-president and minister of defence, who is rumoured to want one day to replace Mr Mnangagwa. The former commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces (ZDF) played a pivotal role in the coup last year, but has struggled to adapt to political life. (He tried to fire thousands of striking nurses before realising that was not possible.) It is he, rather than the current head of the ZDF, Philip Sibanda, who is believed to have instigated the crackdown on August 1st, out of frustration that others have been too soft on the MDC. Mr Chiwenga speculates that his critics are high on weed.

The president may be weaker than many assume, but he is not innocent. Mr Mnangagwa reportedly co-ordinated the post-election violence in 2008-09. It is implausible to claim, as his allies do, that he knows little of what is happening now.

The MDC is challenging the legality of Mr Mnangagwa’s first-round win in the presidential race on July 30th. But given the partisanship of Zimbabwe’s judges, defeat looks certain. Therefore Mr Mnangagwa will be sworn in again as president before the end of the month. He will do so amid growing mistrust among foreign governments and would-be investors. And with more blood on his hands.

This article appeared in the Middle East and Africa section of the print edition under the headline”Open for chaos”

Zimbabwe Detains Tendai Biti for ”inciting public violence;” Declaring “Unofficial Or Fake” Election Results,

Tendai Biti. (File: AFP)
Tendai Biti. (File: AFP)
Senior Zimbabwean opposition figure Tendai Biti was in police custody on Thursday after Zambia rejected his asylum bid and deported him, as fears grew about a government crackdown following Zimbabwe’s disputed election.

Biti was at Harare Central Police Station with his lawyers, said Roselyn Hanzi of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights. Police spokesperson Charity Charamba said Biti faced charges of inciting public violence, which could bring up to a decade in prison, and declaring “unofficial or fake” election results, which has a maximum six-month sentence

Zambian border guards handed Biti to Zimbabwean authorities despite a Zambian court order saying he should not be deported until it could hear his appeal for asylum, Zambian lawyer Gilbert Phiri told The Associated Press.

“Zambian authorities acted in defiance of our courts, in defiance of regional and international law,” Phiri said. Zambia’s foreign minister said Biti’s reasons for seeking asylum “did not have merit.”

Biti’s plight has raised concerns about a wave of repression against the opposition by the government of Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who narrowly won last week’s election. It comes as the opposition prepares to launch a legal challenge to last week’s voting results, calling them fraudulent.

“This is a worrying development,” said David Coltart, a friend of Biti’s who is a fellow member of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change and a human rights lawyer. “Tendai was arrested in 2008 on a similar charge and while he was in custody he was brutally tortured.”

The United Nations refugee agency said it was “gravely concerned” about the reports of Biti’s forced return to Zimbabwe, calling such returns a serious violation of international law. It urged Zambian authorities to urgently investigate.

A joint statement by the heads of missions in Zimbabwe of the European Union, the United States, Canada and Australia urgently called on Zimbabwean authorities to guarantee Biti’s safety and respect his rights. It also said the diplomats were “deeply disturbed” by the reports of Zimbabwean security forces targeting the opposition.

Biti, a former finance minister and newly elected member of parliament for the MDC, a day after the July 30 vote urged opposition supporters to defend their votes in the disputed ballot, saying that MDC candidate Nelson Chamisa had won the presidential race.

Authorities say it is against the law to declare the winner of an election before the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission announces the official results.

The day after Biti’s remarks, the military opened fire to disperse opposition protesters in the streets of Zimbabwe’s capital, killing six people. Western election observers, whose endorsement of a credible election is badly needed for the lifting of international sanctions on Zimbabwe, quickly condemned the “excessive” force.

While Mnangagwa has hailed a “flowering” of democracy in Zimbabwe since longtime leader Robert Mugabe stepped down in November under military pressure, alarm has been growing inside and outside the country.

The British embassy in Zimbabwe said on Thursday it had spoken with Zimbabwean and Zambian authorities overnight to seek “clear assurances” that Biti’s safety would be guaranteed. The United States’ top diplomat for Africa, Tibor Nagy, urged Zambian authorities to allow Biti to stay or allow him safe passage to a third country.

READ RELATED: Zambia hands over Tendai Biti to Zimbabwean police, defying court order: lawyer

READ RELATED: Zimbabwean opposition official Tendai Biti denied asylum, being deported

READ RELATED: Zimbabwe opposition official freed, lawyer says

The state-run Herald newspaper in an “editorial comment” said Biti “sneaked into Zambia in a bid to evade the law.”

It also urged Zambian authorities to respect Interpol and not the UN convention on refugees, which rejects the returning of asylum-seekers to the countries they have fled.

Under Mugabe’s 37 years in power, Zimbabwe was dogged by charges of rigged and fraudulent elections, along with violence against opposition figures.

Biti, one of the most outspoken critics of the government, was quick to warn that while the ouster of Mugabe was welcome, the military takeover that led to his resignation set a dangerous precedent for its involvement in civilian affairs.

“The genie is out of the bottle,” Biti said in June.

Like millions of Zimbabweans, I was disappointed by the election results – but there is still hope

ByWilf Mbanga Editor of The Zimbabwean

Like millions of my fellow countrymen and women, I feel devastated that Zimbabwe has been cheated of a wonderful opportunity to make a fresh start.zimre

After 38 years of misrule under Robert Mugabe, his removal last November was a dream come true. Euphoric celebrations lasted for days. People climbed up onto the tanks that trundled into the city centres and hugged the soldiers manning them.

Our liberator, the ‘smart coup’ mastermind and former vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, promised elections within a year. He was true to his word. What made us all dare to hope so hard was that he appeared to be what he said he was – a born again democrat; tolerant of divergent views, prepared to fight corruption and determined to resuscitate the moribund economy by re-engaging the west and cutting through the tangle of red tape that had stifled investment in the past.

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After 38 years of misrule under Robert Mugabe, his removal last November was a dream come true.

When he renounced Mugabe’s crude anti-west rhetoric and actively courted business delegations from the USA, Britain and the EU, opened the door to the international media and foreign election observers from every nation under the sun (banned during the Mugabe era), our hopes soared even higher.

Many of us still had misgivings of course. The memories of Mnangagwa’s ruthless ways in his various roles since 1980 – as minister of defence, justice, the intelligence services, and as Mugabe’s election agent were clear. But he got rid of Mugabe for us, and this election – open to the eyes of the world as never before – was a golden opportunity for a clean break with the past.

Millions of us in exile abroad spoke longingly of returning home. Most had fled in search of jobs as the economy collapsed, we lost our currency and our bread basket status, repression by the state became the norm and corruption became systemic. An estimated four million sought greener pastures around the world.

Then in February, veteran opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai, founding president of the MDC, died of cancer. His protegee and vice-president – a firebrand young lawyer and pastor, Nelson Chamisa, sprang to the fore and charmed huge crowds all over the country with his eloquence and vigour. There was more hope for a future ruled by the new generation, who knew how the 21st century worked and what was needed for Zimbabwe to catch up with it – and not by septuagenarians who only talked about fighting the bush war in the 1970s.

As preparations for the election unfolded, however, it became all too apparent that the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission was still sorely compromised and there was flagrantly partisan towards Zanu-PF. Formed in 2004 as a purportedly independent body to run election, ZEC was compromised from the start. It was still staffed largely by army personnel, especially at senior levels. The catalogue of its partisan behaviour during the run-up to the election is lengthy.

Like millions of Zimbabweans, I was disappointed by the election – but there is still hope Zimbabwe opposition leader claims voting was ‘rigged’ following defeat President Emmerson Mnangagwa wins controversial Zimbabwe election It includes withholding the voters roll from the opposition MDC, until forced by a court order to release it; failing to remove the 900,000 ghost voters; leaking the phone numbers of individual voters to Zanu-PF; avoiding any semblance of transparency regarding the printing, storage and distribution of the ballot papers; and bungling the postal vote by the police force.

Its shenanigans during the election have been well documented and will undoubtedly form the basis of the MDC’s legal challenge against the official results, in which ZEC claims that Mnangagwa won 50.8% of the presidential vote.

MDC president Nelson Chamisa says that according to his records, he won 56%. Whether one believes that this election was stolen or not is immaterial.

The fact of the matter is that we now have another five years of Zanu-PF – the party that has overseen the decay of a once proud and prosperous nation. This is the party that has been synonymous with rigging elections in the past, with violence, corruption and human rights abuses on a large scale. Its upper echelons – the chefs (as they are called in local parlance) – are wealthy beyond measure, while most Zimbabweans are jobless.

Our only hope for the future is that the international business community decide to hold their noses and invest in Zimbabwe anyway. There is money to be made in Zimbabwe – and more than anything, people need jobs.


Source: METRO


It will be hard for democratic countries to embrace Mnangagwa as someone different to Mugabe

General Chiwenga helped engineer a coup that finally toppled Robert Mugabe

The Telegraph

Op-ed by David Coltart

4th August 2018

When Robert Mugabe was removed from power in the November 2017 coup I wrote that whilst a tyrant had been removed, we had yet to remove a tyranny.

Emmerson Mnangagwa impressed me with his rhetoric when he took over as president. He spoke of a commitment to democracy, a zero tolerance to corruption, being open for business and that he would ensure free, fair and credible elections.

I was so impressed that I expressed the hope that he would be a Gorbachev rather than a Milosevic in a New Year’s message.

In the eight months since taking power the gulf between Mr Mnangagwa’s rhetoric and action has become increasingly apparent. And in the realm of democracy and the holding of credible elections, he has been found wanting.

He appointed an overtly partisan judge to head the Electoral Commission in February and since then the Commission has committed serial breaches of the Constitution and Electoral Act.

Whilst election day went smoothly and peacefully the moment the polls closed old tricks were reemployed. In one province only 105,000 people had voted between 7am and 5pm, but remarkably a further 375,000 pitched up to vote in the remaining two hours of polling.

In another province a further 10,100 voters suddenly appeared on a new voters roll illegally produced by the Commission just days before the poll.

All of this gave Mr Mnangagwa the narrow 0.8 per cent margin (some 38,000 votes) he needed to avoid a run off against Nelson Chamisa, who overcame tremendous odds to get even close.

Mr Chamisa took over a moribund MDC when Morgan Tsvangirai died in February and in a short time has totally transformed the party. By the end of his energetic campaign his rallies were attracting tens of thousands of people. On voting day he secured over a million more votes than Tsvangirai obtained in 2013.

Mr Chamisa’s defeat has shattered the hopes of young people who comprised the bulk of his support base. On Wednesday young men, sensing a fraud being perpetrated, protested. It turned violent when Zanu PF property was attacked.

Whilst the police could and should have dealt with the situation, Mr Mnangagwa (the only person constitutionally able) deployed soldiers, clearly with orders to shoot to kill with live bullets in central Harare. Six people, nearly all innocent bystanders, some women running away, were killed, another score seriously injured.

Any pretence that there is a “new dispensation” has been shattered in that one act.

Mr Mnangagwa had two objectives this year: he had to win an election and establish his legitimacy after the coup which he benefitted from. He has now won the election, but under such a cloud that it will be hard for democratic countries to embrace him as someone different to Mr Mugabe. Indeed he now bears the marks of a Milosovic, not a Gorbachev.

But Zimbabwe must not be allowed to wallow further. The international community should insist that compliance with Zimbabwe’s constitution be a prerequisite for further engagement.

Amongst other things that means the military must be returned to their barracks, the media opened up and basic civil liberties respected.

Zanu PF have won, by hook or by crook, the two thirds majority needed to change the Constitution as they please. Zimbabwe’s constitution, adopted by a 95 per cent majority in the 2013 referendum, enjoys the will of the people; Zanu PF should be told unequivocally that moves to dilute the democratic provisions in the constitution will be met by continued international isolation.

A carrot and stick approach should be adopted. If the Constitution is respected and implemented in all its fullness, then further engagement can proceed, but not before.

Mr Chamisa must be encouraged to remain committed to using the law and non-violent means to make his case before the court of international opinion.

Mr Chamisa has already confirmed that the MDC will use all legal and constitutional means to overturn this fraudulent result. The problem we face is that any electoral challenge will be brought before a partisan judiciary which has a notorious history of siding with Zanu PF. Accordingly the international community must insist on a demonstrably fair process before neutral judges (Zimbabwe has them) and provide observers to any such legal challenge.

Zimbabwe remains a country of enormous potential and opportunity, but that will remain illusory until democracy and the rule of law is respected by all Zimbabweans and the international community.

Senator David Coltart was a founder of the Movement for Democratic Change and Zimbabwean Minister of Education, Sport, Arts and Culture 2009-2013. He is he author of “The Struggle Continues: 50 years of tyranny in Zimbabwe”

Zimbabwe Recent Election Arguably The Best The Country Ever Had In More Than 20 Years – Peter Pham, Director Of Africa Centre For The Atlantic Council

By Crimson Tazvinzwa

Shooting unarmed civilians cast a shadow on an otherwise peaceful and successful poll – Peter Pham


Zimbabwe’s recent poll has been touted as peaceful and successful despite the shooting of unarmed civilians which left six dead and millions of dollars worth in property destroyed.

The Director of Africa Centre for The Atlantic Council, Mr. Peter Pham says Zimbabwe’s recently held harmonised elections were largely peaceful despite the violence that ensued – casting a shadow on an otherwise the best election the country has had in 20-years.

“Certainly it was not a level playing field by any stretch of the imagination. Media coverage was almost exclusively given to the incumbent President, very little to the challengers.

“There are also questions about the voter’s rolls being manipulated, ghost voters being there – these are some of the various questions that need to be answered.”

Pham says the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission didn’t ‘cover itself in glory either – with its delays in publishing the result which subsequently heightened suspicion and tensions.’

“On the other hand, the opposition didn’t help themselves either. They were divided. In  some places they even ran two candidates against each other; and in cities they should have won like Bulawayo,” Pham observed.

Pham castigated  Mr. Nelson Chamisa of the MDC-T for making victory claims ahead of official announcement; which he says created heightened tensions.

READ MORE: MDC-T offices in Bulawayo closed by police

He also says Zimbabwe needs to learn the lessons and move on noting that the incumbent, Mr. Mnangagwa will need to display statesmanship behaviour to claim legitimacy; adding, otherwise there are dark days ahead.

READ MORE: Ramaphosa congratulates Mnangagwa on Zimbabwe election victory

READ MORE: Zimbabwe news latest: South Africa urges peace as Emmerson Mnangagwa’s supporters celebrate elections victory