Zimbabwe’s Sustainable Developlment Goals And Agenda Are Well DOCUMENTD & intentioned, but there is nowhere in the whole document WOULD YOU FIND these expressions ‘HUMAN RIGHTS’, freedom of expression, rule of law///CRIMSON TAZVINZWA
- People – The SDGs are determined to end poverty and hunger, in all their forms and dimensions, and to ensure that all human beings can fulfil their potential in dignity and equality and in a healthy environment;
- Planet – The SDGs emphasise protection of the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing natural resources and taking urgent action on climate change, so that the planet can support the needs of the present and future generations;
- Prosperity – The SDGs stress that all human beings can enjoy prosperous and fulfilling lives and that economic, social and technological progress occurs in harmony with nature;
- Peace – The SDGs foster peaceful, just and inclusive societies free from fear and violence since there can be no sustainable development without peace and no peace without sustainable development; and,
- Partnership – The SDGs underscore the need to mobilize the means for implementation anchored by a revitalised global partnership for sustainable development, based on a spirit of strengthened global solidarity, focussed particularly on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable and with the participation of all countries, all stakeholders and all people.
Deindustrialisation, structural regression and the growth of the informal economy has reached catastrophic levels. The number of workers losing jobs through company closures and retrenchments continue to rise significantly. For instance, the Minister of Finance in the 2015 N
In 2017, the ZCTU President indicated that about 163 companies applied for retrenchment between January and June 2017 thus affecting more than 2 000 workers. The affected workers are forced to join the informal economy as a survivalist strategy.
Sadly, informality both in the formal and the informal economy is associated with low and irregular income and thus high poverty risks abounds especially among women who are predominantly in the lower strata of the informal economy. The 2014 Labour Force and Child Labour Survey (LFCLS) stated that 94.5% of the currently employed persons 15 years and above were informally employed. In addition, of the 1.5million in paid employment, 1.4million were in informal employment (up from 84.2% in 2011 and 80% in 2004). Furthermore, 98% of the currently employed youth aged 15-24 years and 96% of currently employed youth aged 15-34 years were in informal employment.
Furthermore, the FinScope Survey of 2012 indicated that the Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs) employed about 60% of the workforce and contributed about 50% of GDP and 85% of MSMEs were unregistered. The survey also noted that out of the 2,8 million businesses that took part in the survey, 53% of the 2 million individual entrepreneurs were female and out of the remaining 800 000 business owners with employees 54% were female, hence reflecting the critical rile that women play in the economy and especially in the informal economy.
Sadly, the majority of people in the informal economy and especially women are at the very bottom of the economic and social ladder, working under precarious conditions; they typically suffer from decent work deficits, with its defining characteristics being that their work is graded as “3Us + E” ‘unprotected,’ ‘unregistered,’ or ‘unrepresented’ and ‘excluded,’. They alsosuffer from serious social protection deficits. Worse more, the informal economy work spaces pose health and life risks especially for women. A sad case in point is that of 2014 where an informal economy woman whose baby was crashed by the municipality vehicle as she tried to run away from the police.
Worryingly, the government’s approach towards addressing the growth of the informaleconomy has been antagonistic which contrast with the principles of inclusiveness and effective participation of the informal economy players and their associations as enunciated by the draft Strategy on Formalising the Formal Economy being spearheaded by the Ministry of SMEs.
An emerging threat to employment creation is climate change. The past droughts have negatively affected workers in climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture, energy and tourism. As a result, jobs in these sectors are threatened and this will consequently affect trade union work and strengths in these areas.
Whilst the government proclamations that it has created more than 2 million as promised during the 2013 election was flagged in the media, what is of importance in the development context is not only the quantum of employment but the quality of the employment and itspropensity to catapult the majority of the people from high poverty and “working poor” statusto productive and sustainable and decent livelihoods.
HELP GROW AIWA! NO!